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Dec 3, 2014

On Viral Hepatitis E - Part 2




      Causative Organism:
      
      It is a viral illness caused by hepatotropic (loves to infect liver) RNA virus.

Mode of transmission:

Faeco - oral transmission due to compromised water, sanitation and hygiene

Sign and symptoms:

Generalized weakness / lethargy / nausea and vomiting / Jaundice

Complications:

Acute fulminant hepatic failure especially during pregnancy

Diagnosis:

  •          Clinical diagnosis
  •          Serological diagnosis

Preventive measures:
  •             Hygiene (hand washing,  clean water and proper sanitation)
  •             Control of patient, contacts and the immediate environment
  •       Epidemic measure through proper epi investigation
  •       Vaccination (still it needs more research / evidence  for justification to its use in the community)
      
      More on HEV in Nepal:

      1. http://www.kumj.com.np/issue/16/530-544.pdf
      2. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-4-431-68255-4_104





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Anuj in Himalayas

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